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Friday, January 28, 2022

Romney’s plan: More money for wars, less for health care

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Mitt Romney: Guns, not butter (AP Photo/Jae C. Hong, File)

Reducing government deficits Mitt Romney’s way would mean less money for health care for the poor and disabled and big cuts to nuts-and-bolts functions such as food inspection, border security and education.

Romney also promises budget increases for the Pentagon, above those sought by some GOP defense hawks, meaning that the rest of the government would have to shrink even more. Nonmilitary programs would incur still larger cuts than those called for in the tightfisted GOP budget that the House passed last month.

Differences over the government’s budget and spiraling deficits are among the starkest that separate Republican Romney and Democratic President Barack Obama. Obama’s budget generally avoids risk, with minimal cuts to rapidly growing health care programs such as Medicare and Medicaid while socking wealthier people with tax increases. It’s all part of an effort to close trillion-dollar-plus deficits.

Romney, by contrast, proposes broad cuts in government spending, possibly overpromising on reductions that even a Congress stuffed with conservatives might find hard to deliver.

His campaign materials give relatively few specifics, other than a pledge to bring total government spending down to 20 percent of the U.S. economy by the end of a first term in 2016. That is roughly in line with where it was during Republican George W. Bush’s presidency.

Estimates by the nonpartisan Congressional Budget Office put current government spending at $3.6 trillion, or about 23.5 percent of the gross domestic product this year, slipping to 21.8 percent by 2016.

The math can get fuzzy. But the Romney campaign says it needs to come up with $500 billion in cuts in 2016, the target year. Overall, Romney promises to shrink the government by about one-seventh when compared against the size of the economy.

The GOP front-runner suggests raising the Social Security retirement age and reducing cost-of-living increases for better-off retirees.

He generally endorses a plan by House Budget Committee Chairman Paul Ryan, R-Wis., to gradually transform Medicare from a program that directly pays hospital and doctor bills into vouchers for subsidizing future beneficiaries in buying health insurance.

Because Romney promises to protect current Social Security and Medicare recipients from cuts, he cannot get much savings from those programs by 2016. Combined, they are projected to make up about 44 percent of the budget that year. Interest costs, which cannot be touched, would make up an additional 9 percent of the budget, while Romney promises to add almost $100 billion to the Pentagon budget that year, based on his pledge that military spending reach 4 percent of GDP.

So what’s left to cut?

—MEDICAID: The program now provides health care for about 50 million mostly poor and disabled people, including nursing home care for 7 of 10 patients nationwide. Obama’s health care law sharply would sharply boost Medicaid enrollment to cover more people above the poverty line, a move that Romney promises to repeal.

Like House Republicans, Romney promises to transform Medicaid into block grants for states and shed federal supervision of it. He would cap the program’s annual growth to inflation plus a percentage point. His campaign says the approach would unshackle states to innovate and, by the end of a decade, cut costs by more than $200 billion a year.

Advocates for the poor say the inevitable result will be that millions of people will be bounced from the program. An Urban Institute study last year estimated that Ryan’s cuts would force between 14 million and 27 million people off of Medicaid by 2021. Romney’s budget would make deeper cuts.

—DOMESTIC AGENCY BUDGETS: If Social Security is mostly off the table and current Medicare beneficiaries are protected, domestic Cabinet agency budgets would take a major hit in ways that could fundamentally alter government. The future growth of those discretionary programs funded through annual appropriations bills was already cut greatly in last year’s deal to raise the government’s borrowing limit.

At issue are these programs, just to name a few: health research; NASA; transportation; homeland security; education; food inspection; housing and heating subsidies for the poor; food aid for pregnant women; the FBI; grants to local governments; national parks; and veterans’ health care.

Romney promises to immediately cut them by 5 percent. But they would have to be cut more than 20 percent to meet his overall budget goals, assuming veterans’ health care is exempted. It’s almost unthinkable that lawmakers would go along with cuts of such magnitude for air traffic control and food inspection or to agencies like NASA, the FBI, Border Patrol and the Centers for Disease Control.

“It’s just not sustainable,” said GOP lobbyist Jim Dyer, a former staff director for the House Appropriations Committee. “What do you want to do with the national parks? Which ones do you want to close? …The only way it adds up is if you go after the big, popular stuff, and nobody talks about that now.”

Among the few specific cuts listed in Romney’s campaign literature are proposals to cut the federal workforce by 10 percent through attrition, eliminate federal family planning money, privatize the money-losing Amtrak system and trim foreign aid.

—OTHER BENEFIT PROGRAMS: Like Ryan’s budget, the Romney plan would also cut benefit programs other than Social Security and Medicare. They include food stamps, school lunches, crop subsidies, Supplemental Security Income for very poor seniors and disabled people, unemployment insurance, veterans’ pensions and refundable tax credits to the working poor.

Based on the Romney materials, it’s impossible to project the size of the cuts to such programs. Suffice it to say, they would be controversial.

“There’s good reason why Ryan’s budget and the Romney budget don’t have details,” said Jim Horney, a budget analyst with the liberal-leaning Center on Budget and Policy priorities think tank. “If people knew what it would actually have to be done to accomplish what they’re saying should be done, it’s hard to imagine there would be widespread support for it.”



Romney’s spending outline:

Copyright 2012 The Associated Press

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8 thoughts on “Romney’s plan: More money for wars, less for health care”

  1. Alex, thanks for reminding us of the enormous debt left behind by a couple of Bushes whose agendas were for a perfect Christian world of destruction left like a gaping wound in the Middle East. I watch a lot of programs on the History Channel where the history of mankind started in Mesopotamia (Iraq). The day Saddam was captured the videos of the rape and pillage of the holy relics being stolen and/or burned made millions of us sick as the soldiers had no idea of the historical value of their destruction.

    In another 300 years, will the next generations of Americans watch as the Thomas Jefferson library is burned to the ground? To me that building is precious as that is where the truth of our existence sits.

    Of course, unless we protect the truth and the books found in that building, no one will give a damn if it is burned or simply repainted.

    • What of the debt left by Clinton and the historic amount of debt (already more debt than Bush’s eight years in office) being piled on by Obama?

      If the Republicans offer the “perfect Christian world,” then what do we make of the Democrats’ not only bolstering the same foreign policy agenda but piling on the domestic debt as well?

      Who is to blame for that? Is Obama a card-carrying member of the Religious Right?

      Rhetoric aside, is there really any difference between the two parties?

  2. The sad part is even though President George W. Bush set the record for spending during his term before Obama blew it away, it’s now viewed as a “conservative” budget!

    • Aside from the stimulus (which many would argue was necessary to avoid another depression), most of Obama’s budget was still going to fund the two wars that Bush started (while cutting taxes twice).

  3. Continuing with Sandy’s idea of movie plots mirroring current day politics….this article reminds of Charles Dicken’s “A Christmas Carol”, but in the revised version the Rom is asked to provide a little more money for health care for the poor and disabled. The Rom responds: “Are there no prisons? Are there no workhouses?”

    Later in the movie when he sees the ghost of millionaire friend, Rom says, “‘But you were always a good man of business, Jacob,’ faltered [Rom], who now began to apply this to himself.

    ‘Business!’ cried the Ghost, wringing its hands again. ‘Mankind was my business. The common welfare was my business; charity, mercy, forbearance, and benevolence, were, all, my business. The dealings of my trade were but a drop of water in the comprehensive ocean of my business!'”

    Timing for the release of the movie in a theater near you will be problematic though…the election is before Christmas when this seasonal favorite would be most appropriate.

  4. Or better yet – free healthcare for those that are lucky enough to survive our democracy delivery system.

  5. The Republican National Committee has gone way beyond the religious right. It is back in the Empire Building neo-con agenda of Karl Rove. America will be a One World Empire leader and there not one damn thing we can do about it. This was the agenda of Bush 41 and Bush 43 who added the Christians to the leadership of the world.

    This is very disturbing to me as it makes America the last bastion of individual rights and will redesign the government for White Christian Straight Men only.

    Many of us will have to move to areas where this White Supremacy action is the weakest. It may be California but I do know it will not be Arizona. I missed the bullet last year when I moved from there.

    I had hoped that the GOP House would lose many members but I’m not certain this will happen as the far right is apparently gaining support.

    I’ve tried for 20 years to support the concept that a free America beats a Christian nation when it comes to rights for all citizens. It is time for me to stop this questioning. Americans need a religious big daddy to tell us all what not to do; but they still cannot explain why……

    The only forums where I am welcome are those from Europe.

  6. For a Party that was supposed to be distancing itself from George W. Bush, they’ve doubled down instead. I guess that’s one way to add distance – run even further to the right.

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