By DALE McFEATTERS
Perversely, the Guantanamo Bay detainees may be worse off under a new law designed to protect them from abusive treatment.
The McCain amendment to the Detainee Treatment Act quite rightly restates the longstanding American prohibition of cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment of detainees in U.S. custody. In short, we don’t torture.
But that same law limits the detainees’ access to U.S. courts. They may challenge their enemy combatant status and appeal the verdicts of military tribunals but they may not seek habeas corpus or protest their treatment.
This was the bill, opposed by the Bush administration, which the president signed on December 30 with the caveat that he was not bound by it under his expansive view of his unfettered wartime powers.
There is also a dispute whether the provision limiting access to the courts applies to detainees who had cases in the civilian courts before the law was signed. Lawyers for the detainees say it does; the Justice department says it does not.
In effect just over two months, the Detainee Treatment Act now has the distinction of being tested at all three levels of federal court _ Supreme, appeals and district.
Lawyers for detainee Mohammed Bawazir, a Yemeni who will have been in Guantanamo four years come May, charge that the prison authorities, to break a hunger strike, so roughly force-fed him through a large nasal tube that it amounted to torture.
The government says he wasn’t tortured. District Judge Gladys Kessler says if Bawazir can prove his allegations, it is too torture and a violation of U.S. laws and treaties.
The Bush administration’s answer is that even if Bawazir was tortured, the court can’t do anything about it because of the Detainee Treatment Act. In other words, the law outlaws torture but the detainees have no right to have the law enforced.
Depending how the courts rule on the act, McCain et al may have to redraft the act, although it’s hard to what they had to do to make any clearer that "no torture" means "no torture." The legal limbo the Guanatanmo Bay detainees does our nation no credit.
(Contact Dale McFeatters at McFeattersD(at)SHNS.com.)