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Dead Senator becomes campaign issue

By
May 17, 2008

Being dead since 1940 hasn’t kept Idaho U.S. Sen. William Borah from being inserted squarely into 2008 presidential politics after Democratic candidate Barack Obama took issue with President Bush’s borrowing of a quote from Borah.

In a speech Thursday to the Israeli Knesset, Bush mentioned the president of Iran, and said: “Some seem to believe that we should negotiate with the terrorists and radicals, as if some ingenious argument will persuade them they have been wrong all along.”

Bush then recalled a comment attributed to Borah in 1939 following Germany’s invasion of Poland.

“As Nazi tanks crossed into Poland in 1939,” Bush told Israeli lawmakers, “an American senator declared: ‘Lord, if only I could have talked to Hitler, all of this might have been avoided.’ We have an obligation to call this what it is — the false comfort of appeasement, which has been repeatedly discredited by history.”

Obama has said he would pursue talks with Iran without insisting on “preconditions” that could prompt Iranian leaders to spurn the request.

The comments have touched off back-and-forth salvos from the various camps, with Obama lashing out at President Bush and at Republican presidential rival John McCain for “dishonest, divisive” attacks in intimating the Democratic presidential hopeful would be soft on terrorists.

Idaho historians and academics say this business of dusting off Borah’s words illustrates the continuing resonance of Idaho’s longest-serving U.S. senator, the effectiveness of simple imagery in this blitzkrieg age of 24-hour news and the phenomenon of combining history and hindsight to make a potent political point.

“Trying to draw analogies from the past is something used a lot by political candidates,” said Adam Sowards, a history professor at the University of Idaho, where the William Edgar Borah Outlawry of War Foundation was founded in 1929. Sowards adds such efforts often make him cringe.

“There’s a common saying, ‘History always repeats itself,’ ” Sowards said. “Historians don’t like that saying, because the context is always changing. It’s never the exact same situation.”

Bush isn’t the first to use the comments by Borah, who was himself a contender for president in 1936.

In a Time magazine article in August 2006, writer Brendan Nyhan noted the very same reference had also been used by then-Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld and Washington Post columnist Charles Krauthammer.

Sowards described Borah as something of an early 20th-century version of McCain for a maverick streak that included not endorsing fellow Republican Herbert Hoover for president in 1932.

In the process, Borah transcended provincial Idaho politics during his six U.S. Senate terms. He spent eight years as chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee and fought President Woodrow Wilson over the Treaty of Versailles that ended World War I and the League of Nation’s “entangling alliances” with Europe in the wake of that war.

Knowing today that no amount of talking by British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain, Borah or anybody else could have dissuaded Hitler from trying to expand his empire makes for convenient but nonetheless powerful symbolism for politicians like Bush as they attempt to frame the presidential debate on ongoing tensions with Iran.

The Borah reference “got across exactly what he (Bush) wanted to get across,” said Bill Smith, director of The Martin Institute for Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution at the University of Idaho, which runs the annual Borah Symposium lecture at the Moscow, Idaho, school.

It makes political sense, but making Borah and his 1939 comments the poster child for foolhardy Nazi appeasement, then connecting the dots to the current presidential race, is a dicey intellectual proposition.

That’s because Borah was a complex figure, Smith said — a Republican isolationist who supported some of Democratic President Franklin Roosevelt’s Depression-era programs.

“Picking a spot in history and saying, ‘This is what this guy stands for’ is very difficult,” Smith said. “Borah, like a lot of historical figures, has different historical legacies. All legacies are complicated.”

9 Responses to Dead Senator becomes campaign issue

  1. bryan mcclellan

    May 17, 2008 at 8:36 am

    Much like todays music industry, politicians are too lazy or stupid to come up with anything new so they rip off the past.

    I wonder how Sen Borahs family feels about a mental midget like smirk using their ancestor to sling political crap at another while marking such an important anniversary

    Shameless thievery if ever there was.

  2. pollchecker

    May 17, 2008 at 8:45 am

    Knowing today that no amount of talking by British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain, Borah or anybody else could have dissuaded Hitler from trying to expand his empire

    Nobody could talk GW Bush and his cronies from trying to expand thier empire as well!

    Bush and Company are no better than Osama Bin Laden or any other murderer from History.

  3. adamrussell

    May 17, 2008 at 10:14 am

    Talking to your enemies is not appeasement. It doesnt always work, but it does work more often than not talking.

  4. Will Write

    May 17, 2008 at 10:39 am

    Firstly, I don’t know who told our President about Senator Borah, Neville Chamberlain or WWII, for that matter. The analogy is spurious, and an all too familiar Republican attempt at fearmongering. Gee, someone proposes talking to the “enemy”. And this, just when the current policy of non communication is working so well.

    What is telling is that while the administration has directed the Pentagon to pursue schenarios for the invasion of Iran for some time, we have never yet had substantive talks with them on the key issues. So, while George Bush, or rather whoever is actually running this circus, refuses to “appease” them by talking to them, they are very comfortable in investing time and energy in planning how to attack Iran.

    Jesus! How long until these idiots are out of the White House?

    Oh, Judgement! Thou art fled to brutish beasts, and men have lost their reason…

  5. Nogood

    May 17, 2008 at 3:14 pm

    I know someone wrote the speech that Bush gave because the stupid asshole doesn’t know enough of history to even know who Borah was. I seriously doubt that Bush could find his shoes every morning.

    I have always been of the opinion that most of the conflicts past or present could have been avoided if “grown men” would only sit down and talk. But wait, that isn’t the cowboy way is it?????

  6. pondering_it_all

    May 17, 2008 at 7:20 pm

    It is the highest irony that President Bush should use an isolationist Senator’s remark about talking to Hitler as a metaphor. In 1939, (as those Nazi tanks crossed into Poland), George W. Bush’s grandfather Prescott was heavily invested in Hitler’s military industry. The Auschwitz death camp was built near coal deposits so that slave labor could be used in one of Prescott Bush’s businesses, the Silesian American Corporation. The US declared war on Germany in December of 1941, but Prescott Bush continued violating the Trading With the Enemy Act until the government finally shut him down late in 1942. But by then he had established the family fortune.

    So the real Bush policy is revealed: Don’t have diplomatic discussions with monsters, go into business with them!

  7. Harve3

    May 19, 2008 at 4:47 pm

    Hill Country resident

    Every word of this a lie including "and" and "the".Frown

  8. Direct Democracy

    May 18, 2008 at 10:26 pm

    FREE AMERICA

    Direct Democracy

  9. JudyB

    May 19, 2008 at 12:51 pm

    There are far more important issues Bush could have cited than a long dead senator…for instance his dead end war and the dead economy.
    Bush is a moron, whos dog Barnie knows more about history than he does.