Don’t want genetically engineered foods? You’re eating them anyway

You may not want to eat genetically engineered foods. Chances are, you are eating them anyway.

Genetically modified plants grown from seeds engineered in labs now provide much of the food we eat. Most corn, soybean and cotton crops grown in the United States have been genetically modified to resist pesticides or insects, and corn and soy are common food ingredients.

The Agriculture Department has approved three more genetically engineered crops in the past month, and the Food and Drug Administration could approve fast-growing genetically modified salmon for human consumption this year.

Agribusiness and the seed companies say their products help boost crop production, lower prices at the grocery store and feed the world, particularly in developing countries. The FDA and USDA say the engineered foods they’ve approved are safe — so safe, they don’t even need to be labeled as such — and can’t be significantly distinguished from conventional varieties.

Organic food companies, chefs and consumer groups have stepped up their efforts — so far, unsuccessfully — to get the government to exercise more oversight of engineered foods, arguing the seeds are floating from field to field and contaminating pure crops. The groups have been bolstered by a growing network of consumers who are wary of processed and modified foods.

Many of these opponents acknowledge that there isn’t much solid evidence showing genetically modified foods are somehow dangerous or unhealthy. It just doesn’t seem right, they say. It’s an ethical issue.

“If you mess with nature there’s a side effect somewhere,” says George Siemon, CEO of Organic Valley, the nation’s largest organic farming cooperative, which had more than $600 million in sales last year. “There is a growing awareness that our system makes us all guinea pigs of sorts.”

The U.S. government has insisted there’s not enough difference between the genetically modified seeds its agencies have approved and natural seeds to cause concern. But Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack, more so than his predecessors in previous administrations, has acknowledged the debate over the issue and a growing chorus of consumers concerned about what they are eating.

“The rapid adoption of GE crops has clashed with the rapid expansion of demand for organic and other non-GE products,” Vilsack said in December as he considered whether to approve genetically modified alfalfa. “This clash led to litigation and uncertainty . . . Surely, there is a better way, a solution that acknowledges agriculture’s complexity, while celebrating and promoting its diversity.”

Vilsack later approved the engineered alfalfa for use — along with sugar beets and a type of corn used in ethanol — to the disappointment of the organic industry, but he said the department would do additional research on ways to prevent contamination of natural seeds and improve detection of contamination.

Organic companies have praised Vilsack for even acknowledging the issue, as large seed companies like Monsanto and the substantial chunk of agribusiness that use their seeds have long held sway at USDA. The organic industry fears contamination could hurt sales of its products, especially in Europe, where consumers have been extremely hesitant about biotech foods.

While opponents of engineered foods haven’t found federal agencies overly receptive to their concerns, they’ve been able to delay some USDA approvals with lawsuits. The alfalfa decision followed a lengthy court battle that was closely watched not only by the organic industry, but by consumers — a development opponents believe will help their cause.

“We’re seeing a level of reaction that is unprecedented,” says Jeffrey Smith, an activist who has fought the expansion of genetically engineered foods since they were first introduced 15 years ago and written two books on the subject. “I personally think we are going to hit the tipping point of consumer rejection very soon.”

Many consumers also have followed the Food and Drug Administration’s consideration of an engineered salmon that grows twice as fast as the conventional variety. If the FDA approves the fish for sale, it will be the first time the government has allowed genetically modified animals to be marketed for humans to eat.

Consumer interest in the issue has magnified in the past five years, along with interest in eating locally grown and organic foods, said Organic Valley’s Siemon. Young, educated consumers who are driving much of the organic market have no interest in eating crops derived from a laboratory, he said.

Genetically modified crops were introduced to the market in 1996. That year, engineered corn accounted for less than 5 percent of the total crop. Last year, the USDA estimated that 70 percent of the nation’s corn acreage was planted with herbicide-tolerant corn and 63 percent had been planted with insect-resistant seeds. Rates for soybeans and cotton are even higher.

The federal government approves genetically modified plants and animals on a case by case basis, with the FDA and USDA looking at the potential effects on food safety, agriculture and the environment. Critics say the process needs to be more thorough and more research should be done with an eye on potential dangers. Agencies often rely on companies’ own data to make their decisions.

The genetic engineering industry says its products already receive far more scrutiny than most of the food people put in their mouths. It also says 15 years of consumption with no widely recognized health problems shows much of the concern is overhyped.

David B. Schmidt, who heads the International Food Information Council Foundation, a food-industry funded group that has polled consumers on genetically modified foods, said their responses depend on how the issue is framed. When pollsters tell consumers that some foods can be engineered to have health benefits — such as biotech soybeans designed to reduce trans fats in soybean oil — they become more open to them. Most consumers are more open to modifications in fruits and vegetables than in animals, he added.

Still, many people don’t know what to think. About half of the consumers the foundation has polled recently have either been neutral on the subject or didn’t know enough to have an opinion.

Dan Barber, a well-known New York chef who grows his own food and sits on President Barack Obama‘s Council on Physical Fitness, Sports and Nutrition, said the growing popularity of organic foods has given an “economic legitimacy” to the criticism.

He believes messing with nature will always have collateral damage. And, the more genetically modified crops are used, he said, the more pure crops will become compromised.

“Once you head down that road you don’t turn back,” Barber said.

Copyright © 2011 The Associated Press

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5 Responses to "Don’t want genetically engineered foods? You’re eating them anyway"

  1. griff  February 25, 2011 at 10:52 am

    GMO foods are poison. Boosting crop production is a lie. Lower prices is obviously a lie.

    We were always taught to wash our produce before eating to remove any residual fertilizer, dirt or pesticide. How do you wash off pesticide that is genetically engineered into the seed itself?

    The short answer is…you don’t. You’re eating “food” that bugs won’t eat. You’re eating “food” that hogs won’t eat.

    GMO crops have also been linked to colony collapse. The only way to pollenate crops is with bees. No bees – no food.

    • Carl Nemo  February 25, 2011 at 1:54 pm

      Solid thoughts Griff concerning this ever-growing nightmare. I thought I’d post a link that’s an easy read in terms of laying out the hazards.

      http://www.inmotionmagazine.com/geff4.html

      The other major problem is that Monsanto, Archer Daniels Midland and Novartis have totally compromised our USDA and the FDA along with ‘Big Pharma” . Farmers have to sign contracts to the effect they won’t grow any other type of seedstock and if caught face heavy penalties via litigation from these cartels. Even farmers who aren’t associated with these GMO based seed cartels face litigation if crops can be identified as patented GMO’d seedstock on their land which occurred due to cross-pollination. I suggest people rent the movie “Food Inc.” which is a real eye opener as to how these cartels are squeezing farmers and create poverty among these peoples worldwide. I believe the documentary is available for viewing on the web too.

      They are also squeezing people in third world countries in that once they get involved with these type products there’s no turning back because growing non-hybrid seeds is verboten even with the support of their criminally disposed bought off governments. Another evil aspect is that they’ve engineered a death gene into the seedstock in that any seed produced by them is not viable insuring these desperate third world people must by their next season’s seed from them. Money rules in this game and our Congress has facilitated this nightmare. In the event there’s worldwide crop failures due to these GMO’d varieties, then I guess they can eat stir-fried currency…no? / : |

      Carl Nemo **==

    • Liliana  February 26, 2011 at 4:54 pm

      There are no better words to describe this horrible situation for all of us just because of the greed of some people who just do not care what to sell, next what will it be, animal or human waste, as long as they make a profit, just check out what has happened in India and some other “third world” countries, which now I do not know which is the real “third world” country with this INHUMANE way of acting and thinking just over money.

  2. b mcclellan  February 25, 2011 at 2:21 pm

    Relax fellas, I myself can’t wait to sprout a sorely needed third eye and a nice set of man boobs so I’ll have something to play with in my old age.. Besides it’ll give new meaning to, I’ll show you mine if..

  3. woody188  February 25, 2011 at 2:59 pm

    Perhaps the obesity epidemic is not a coincidence compared next to the time line of genetically modified foods? We were fat in the Eighties, but today there are more obese than there are proper weight middle age people. And we have more obese children than ever.

    It will be interesting to see what happens to people that eat the fast growing fish. Will those traits pass through to their own DNA? All of a sudden, people won’t live past 45. At least Social Security and Medicare would be solvent again.

    B you made me smile. I’ll show you mine!

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