North & South Korea ‘on brink of war’

General Walter L. Sharp (L), Commander of United Nations Command, Combined Forces Command, and United States Forces Korea, listens to South Korean military officials as he looks around houses destroyed by North Korean artillery shelling, at a village on Yeonpyeong Island (Reuters Photo)

North Korea warned Friday that U.S.-South Korean plans for military maneuvers put the peninsula on the brink of war, and appeared to launch its own artillery drills within sight of an island it showered with a deadly barrage this week.

The fresh artillery blasts were especially defiant because they came as the U.S. commander in South Korea, Gen. Walter Sharp, toured the South Korean island to survey damage from Tuesday’s hail of North Korean artillery fire that killed four people.

None of the latest rounds hit the South’s territory, and U.S. military officials said Sharp did not even hear the concussions, though residents on other parts of the island panicked and ran back to the air raid shelters where they huddled earlier in the week as white smoke rose from North Korean territory.

Tensions have soared between the Koreas since the North’s strike Tuesday destroyed large parts of this island, killing two civilians as well as two marines in a major escalation of their sporadic skirmishes along the sea border.

The attack — eight months after a torpedo sank a South Korean warship further west, killing 46 sailors — has also laid bare weaknesses in South Korea’s defense 60 years after the Korean War. The skirmish forced South Korea’s beleaguered defense minister to resign Thursday, and President Lee Myung-bak on Friday named a former chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff to the post.

The heightened animosity between the Koreas is taking place as the North undergoes a delicate transition of power from leader Kim Jong Il to his young, inexperienced son Kim Jong Un, who is in his late 20s and is expected to eventually succeed his ailing father.

As Washington and Seoul pressed China to use its influence on Pyongyang to ease tensions amid worries of all-out war, the U.S. prepared to send a nuclear-powered aircraft carrier to South Korean waters for joint military drills in the Yellow Sea starting Sunday.

The North, which sees the drills as a major military provocation, unleashed its anger over the planned exercises in a dispatch earlier Friday.

“The situation on the Korean peninsula is inching closer to the brink of war,” the report in the North’s official Korean Central News Agency said.

A North Korean official boasted that Pyongyang’s military “precisely aimed and hit the enemy artillery base” as punishment for South Korean military drills — a reference to Tuesday’s attack — and warned of another “shower of dreadful fire,” KCNA reported in a separate dispatch.

China also expressed concern over any war games in waters within its exclusive economic zone, though the statement on the Foreign Ministry website didn’t mention the drills starting Sunday. That zone extends 230 miles (370 kilometers) from China’s coastline and includes areas south of Yeonpyeong cited for possible maneuvers, though the exact location of the drills is not known.

China strongly protested an earlier round of drills in the region but has been largely mute over the upcoming exercises. Beijing could be withholding direct criticism to avoid roiling ties with South Korea and the U.S. and to register its displeasure with ally North Korea.

The North Korean government does not recognize the maritime border drawn by the U.N. in 1953, and considers the waters around Yeonpyeong Island its territory.

Yeonpyeong Island, home to South Korean military bases as well as a civilian population of about 1,300 people, lies only 7 miles (11 kilometers) from North Korean shores and is not far from the spot where the South Korean warship sank in an explosion in March.

Gen. Sharp said during his visit to the island that Tuesday’s attack was a clear violation of an armistice signed in 1953 at the end of the three-year Korean War.

“We at United Nations Command will investigate this completely and call on North Korea to stop any future attacks,” he said Friday.

Washington keeps more than 28,000 troops in South Korea to protect its ally from aggression — a legacy of the Korean War that is a sore point for North Korea, which cites the U.S. presence as the main reason behind its need for nuclear weapons.

Dressed in a heavy camouflage jacket, army fatigues and a black beret, Sharp walked down a heavily damaged street strewn with debris from buildings. Around him were charred bicycles and shattered bottles of soju, Korean rice liquor.

AP photographers at an observation point on the northwest side of Yeonpyeong heard explosions and saw at least one flash of light on the North Korean mainland.

There were no immediate reports of damage. Only a few dozen residents remain on Yeonpyeong, with most of the population of 1,300 fleeing in the hours and days after the attack as authorities urged them to evacuate.

Many houses were blackened, half-collapsed or flattened, the streets littered with shattered windows, bent metal and other charred wreckage. Several stray dogs barked as they sat near destroyed houses. A group of South Korean marines carrying M-16 rifles patrolled along a seawall as the sun rose from the ocean.

On Thursday, the South’s president ordered reinforcements for the 4,000 troops on Yeonpyeong and four other Yellow Sea islands, as well as top-level weaponry and upgraded rules of engagement.

He also sacked Defense Minister Kim Tae-young amid intense criticism that Yeonpyeong was unprepared for the attack and that the return fire came too slowly. Lee named former Joint Chiefs of Staff chairman Kim Kwan-jin to the post, the president’s office announced Friday.

Lee, dressed in a black suit, visited a military hospital in Seongnam near Seoul Friday to pay his respects to the two marines killed in the North Korean attack.

Lee laid a white chrysanthemum, a traditional symbol of grief, on an altar, burned incense and bowed before framed photos of the two young men. Consoling sobbing family members, he vowed to build a stronger defense.

“I will make sure that this precious sacrifice will lay the foundation for the strong security of the Republic of Korea,” he wrote in a condolence book, according to his office.

___

Foster Klug reported from Seoul. AP photographer David Guttenfelder on Yeonpyeong, and writers Kwang-tae Kim, Kelly Olsen and Jean H. Lee in Seoul, contributed to this report.

Copyright © 2010 The Associated Press

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7 Responses to "North & South Korea ‘on brink of war’"

  1. Carl Nemo  November 26, 2010 at 12:00 pm

    I’m thinking readers might enjoy viewing a vidclip of the North Korea on parade. The clip is almost surreal in that you’d think you were viewing Sovietski troops on parade in “Red Square” during the cold war era.

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DnZBgiZ3d8s

    I’m impressed as to their precision marching in formation. Truly a stunning display. It seems too that everyone, even civilians have medals, lotsa medals. Awards and medals from the state are positive reinforcement. Of course this film doesn’t show the starving masses in the outlying countryside or those doing abject hardtime in a North Korean prison which is tantamount to a death penalty. Life in North Korea as well as mainland China is cheap, very cheap indeed.

    What you are seeing in the clip are millions of “rice powered” driver ants fired up with their sense of nation along with constructive fear of ‘dear leader’. Conventinally speaking there is no serious opposition from the South. Yes, they have an army, but not imbued with the fanaticism of this horde to the north. They’ve gotten soft from the influence of Western pleasures whereas all the North has is their sense of nation although tragically misguided a the hands of psychopath and his military henchmen. The only way to defeat such an onslaught will be to rely on the U.S. and it’s use of tactical nukes on the the North along with the massive dropping of cluster bombs on the attacking hordes. The big question is how will the “Red Chinese” conduct themselves? Will they come to the North’s aid as they did during the Korean conflict or lay in the weeds and let things unfold. They’ve helped nuture this monster, while our corrupt leadership and the businessmen have helped create modern China, so by connections we have helped create this North Korean nightmare.

    Seemingly if we had Sarah Palin for ‘preznit’ she’d be attacking the South since she doesn’t have even a clue as to who are the “bad guys”. In the final analysis, by cause vs. effect, we are to meet the enemy and “he is us”…! : |

    Carl Nemo **==

  2. WayneKDolik  November 26, 2010 at 2:18 pm

    For what it’s worth, I heard the country of South Korea fired first. Any truth to that Carl?

    • Carl Nemo  November 26, 2010 at 8:35 pm

      Hi Wayne,

      The skirmish began when Pyongyang warned the South to halt military drills in the area, according to South Korean officials. When Seoul refused and began firing artillery into disputed waters, the North retaliated by bombarding the small island of Yeonpyeong, which houses South Korean military installations and a small civilian population.

      http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20101123/ap_on_re_as/as_koreas_clash

      Basically it could be said that the South provocated the exchange by violating a “sea border” by firing shells into what is perceived as North Korean coastal waters, but away from their land. Then the North retaliated. They also claim if this ocean ‘border’ is violated by even .001 millimeter then seemingly all out war could break out. Gee that’s one micrometer. These crazy sob’s from both sides surely know how to split hairs. I wonder what they are using to measure this “line on the water” distance surely GPS can’t do so. : ))

      Carl Nemo **==

  3. griff  November 26, 2010 at 5:06 pm

    Funny how we’re sending the Seventh Fleet as a “show of commitment to regional stability through deterrence.” One man’s deterrence is another man’s provocation.

    Economy in the tank? The natives getting restless at home? Start a war! Works every time.

    Where’s the diplomacy from our Nobel Laureate-in-Chief? Acting every bit the Neocon.

  4. bogofree  November 26, 2010 at 7:10 pm

    Punk Azz thug in waiting wants to show Daddy and the generals he has a pair so a few rockets get tossed at an island forcing about 1,500 innocent bystanders to head for the boats. Isn’t this the same BS China use to pull with periodic bombardment of off shore islands held by the Nationalist? So you have one side that seems to have a flourishing economy and another that is armed to the teeth with nothing to eat.

    So what is in this for us? Our pledge? Our honor? No more Kia’s?

  5. griff  November 26, 2010 at 10:45 pm

    Provocation

  6. Carl Nemo  November 26, 2010 at 10:57 pm

    Thanks Griff for this spot-on Jacob Hornberger essay. : )

    *****

    Beat the drums of war in order to whip the citizenry into a patriotic fervor, for patriotism is indeed a double-edged sword. It both emboldens the blood, just as it narrows the mind. And when the drums of war have reached a fever pitch and the blood boils with hate and the mind has closed, the leader will have no need in seizing the rights of the citizenry. Rather, the citizenry, infused with fear and blinded by patriotism, will offer up all of their rights unto the leader and gladly so. How do I know ? For this is what I have done. And I am Caesar.”

    – JULIUS CAESAR

    *****

    Carl Nemo **==

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