One of the many lies the Bush administration used to sell the invasion of Iraq was a claim that the country's oil money would finance major parts of the cost of the war as well as reconstruction.
Never happened as the war has now cost American taxpayers more than $500 billion and a new study shows billions of dollars worth of oil is missing in the civil-war-torn country.
Reports James Glanz of The New York Times:
Between 100,000 and 300,000 barrels a day of Iraqâ€™s declared oil production over the past four years is unaccounted for and could have been siphoned off through corruption or smuggling, according to a draft American government report.
Using an average of $50 a barrel, the report said the discrepancy was valued at $5 million to $15 million daily.
The report does not give a final conclusion on what happened to the missing fraction of the roughly two million barrels pumped by Iraq each day, but the findings are sure to reinforce longstanding suspicions that smugglers, insurgents and corrupt officials control significant parts of the countryâ€™s oil industry.
The report also covered alternative explanations for the billions of dollars worth of discrepancies, including the possibility that Iraq has been consistently overstating its oil production.
Iraq and the State Department, which reports the numbers, have been under relentless pressure to show tangible progress in Iraq by raising production levels, which have languished well below the United States goal of three million barrels a day. Virtually the entire economy of Iraq is dependent on oil revenues.
The draft report, expected to be released within the next week, was prepared by the United States Government Accountability Office with the help of government energy analysts, and was provided to The New York Times by a separate government office that received a review copy. The accountability office declined to provide a copy or to discuss the draft.
Paul Anderson, a spokesman for the office, said only that â€œwe donâ€™t discuss draft reports.â€
But a State Department official who works on energy issues said that there were several possible explanations for the discrepancy, including the loss of oil through sabotage of pipelines and inaccurate reporting of production in southern Iraq, where engineers may not properly account for water that is pumped along with oil in the fields there.
â€œIt could also be theft,â€ the official said, with suspicion falling primarily on Shiite militias in the south. â€œCrude oil is not as lucrative in the region as refined products, but weâ€™re not ruling that out either.â€