As politicians led by President Bush scrambled to ditch campaign
contributions from disgraced lobbyist Jack Abramoff, former House
Speaker Newt Gingrich cautioned Republicans they risk losing control of
congressional majorities if they try to put all the blame on lobbyists.

can’t have a corrupt lobbyist unless you have a corrupt member (of
Congress) or a corrupt staff. This was a team effort,” Gingrich told a
Rotary Club lunch in Washington on Wednesday. He called for systematic
changes to reduce the enormous financial advantages that incumbents
have in congressional elections.

As head of a conservative
movement based on ethics concerns and promises to curb federal growth,
Gingrich led the GOP in 1994 to its first House majority in 42 years.
But he decided to resign in 1998 when Republicans lost seats a year
after Gingrich himself was fined $300,000 for violating House rules
barring the use of tax-exempt foundations for political purposes.

said the GOP leaders, Senate Majority Leader Bill Frist, R-Tenn., and
House Speaker Dennis Hastert, R-Ill., need to resist mere “lobbyist
bashing” and push campaign finance changes, along with smaller and more
effective government.

“If they intend to retain a majority, then
… they need to take the lead in saying to the country we need to
clean this mess up,” Gingrich told reporters. “But any effort to push
this under the rug, to say this is just one bad apple: That’s baloney.”

far the primary response by politicians has been to separate themselves
from campaign contributions they took from Abramoff or Indian tribes he
represented _ either by returning them or donating them to charity.

just the two days since Abramoff pleaded guilty Tuesday in Washington
to three federal felonies, more than 40 elected federal officials have
given up Abramoff donations, joining a dozen who did so last year.

week’s list was headed by Republicans Bush, Frist, Hastert, House
Majority Leader Roy Blunt of Missouri and former House Majority Leader
Tom DeLay of Texas, who faces legal problems of his own. But some
Democrats joined in, including Sen. Hillary Clinton of New York.

dominated the list _ not surprising given that Abramoff, a friend of
DeLay’s, gave far more to them than to Democrats.

The scandal’s effect on the 2006 election was on the mind of many who jettisoned the donations.

“I wish it hadn’t happened because it’s not going to help us keep our majority,” conceded Rep. Ralph Regula, R-Ohio.

Abramoff pleaded guilty to a second set of felony charges Wednesday,
this time in Florida, officials said Bush’s 2004 re-election campaign
intended to give up $6,000 in donations from the lobbyist, his wife and
a client.

A spokeswoman for Blunt, Burson Taylor, said, “While we
firmly believe the contributions were legal at the time of receipt, the
plea indicates that such contributions may not have been given in the
spirit in which they were received.”

Rep. Bob Ney, R-Ohio, under federal investigation over his links to Abramoff, joined in the rush.

Republican scramble to shed cash that once was eagerly sought
underscored the potential political problem the party faces in this
election year.

Gingrich told reporters he thinks Republicans
should elect a permanent replacement for DeLay. In addition to links
with Abramoff, the Texan is battling campaign finance charges in his
home state of Texas but hopes to regain his leadership post.

who came to Congress in 1973 and survived post-Watergate elections that
crippled his party, said the implications of the Abramoff plea deals
could be devastating for the GOP. “I was in the minority for 22 years
and the majority for 11, and having tried it both ways, I definitely
prefer the majority.”

Frist issued a statement placing ethics
issues on the Senate agenda for the year. He said he intends to
“examine and act on any necessary changes to improve transparency and
accountability for our body when it comes to lobbying.”

For their
part, House Democrats signaled they intend to make ethics an element in
their drive to gain a majority in next fall’s elections.

more important for these Republicans to come clean with the American
people about … what (they) did for Jack Abramoff and his special
interest friends in return for those campaign contributions,” said
Sarah Feinberg, a spokeswoman for the House Democratic campaign


Associated Press Special Correspondent David Espo contributed to this story.

© 2006 The Associated Press